Pre-colonization[ edit ] Massachusetts was originally inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian language family such as the WampanoagNarragansettNipmucPocomtucMahicanand Massachusett. The event known as the "First Thanksgiving" was celebrated by the Pilgrims after their first harvest in the New World which lasted for three days. The Pilgrims were soon followed by other Puritans, who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony at present-day Boston in The Massachusetts Bay banished dissenters such as Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams due to religious and political disagreements.
Colonial[ edit ] Boston's early European settlers had first called the area Trimountaine after its "three mountains," only traces of which remain today but later renamed it Boston after Boston, LincolnshireEngland, the origin of several prominent colonists.
The renaming on September 7,Old Style  [b] was by Puritan colonists from England   who had moved over from Charlestown earlier that year in quest of fresh water.
Their settlement was initially limited to the Shawmut Peninsulaat that time surrounded by the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River and connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus.
The peninsula is thought to have been inhabited as early as BC. Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history;  America's first public school was founded in Boston in Boston was the largest town in British America until Philadelphia grew larger in the midth century.
However, Boston stagnated in the decades prior to the Revolution. Boston encountered financial difficulties even as other cities in New England grew rapidly. Boston's penchant for mob action along with the colonists' growing distrust in Britain fostered a revolutionary spirit in the city.
This did not sit well with the colonists. Induring the Boston Massacrethe army killed several people in response to a mob in Boston. The colonists compelled the British to withdraw their troops.
The event was widely publicized and fueled a revolutionary movement in America. Many of the colonists saw the act as an attempt to force them to accept the taxes established by the Townshend Acts. The Boston Tea Party was a key event leading up to the revolution, as the British government responded furiously with the Intolerable Actsdemanding compensation for the lost tea from the rebels.
The war began in the area surrounding Boston with the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The New England militia impeded the movement of the British Army. William Howe, 5th Viscount Howethen the commander-in-chief of the British forces in North America, led the British army in the siege.
The British army outnumbered the militia stationed there, but it was a Pyrrhic victory for the British because their army suffered devastating casualties. It was also a testament to the power and courage of the militia, as their stubborn defending made it difficult for the British to capture Charlestown without losing many troops.
Both sides faced difficulties and supply shortages in the siege, and the fighting was limited to small-scale raids and skirmishes. The army placed cannons there to repel a British invasion against their stake in Boston.
Washington was confident that the army would be able to resist a small-scale invasion with their fortifications. Howe planned an invasion into Boston, but bad weather delayed their advance. Howe decided to withdraw, because the storm gave Washington's army more time to improve their fortifications.
British troops evacuated Boston on March 17, which solidified the revolutionaries' control of the city.
Foreign trade returned after these hostilities, but Boston's merchants had found alternatives for their capital investments in the interim. Manufacturing became an important component of the city's economy, and the city's industrial manufacturing overtook international trade in economic importance by the midth century.
Boston remained one of the nation's largest manufacturing centers until the early 20th century, and was known for its garment production and leather-goods industries. Later, a dense network of railroads furthered the region's industry and commerce.An ethnic group or an ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or.
QuickFacts Massachusetts. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5, or more. The Historical Atlas of Massachusetts (, Wilkie and Tager, editors) is an amazing document. it is well illustrated with many colored pictures, maps and charts, which chronicle the history and development of Massachusetts.
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